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An uptick in homicides nationwide was fuelled by more killings in the Prairie provinces, where 57 more murders were recorded compared to 2018. Alberta recorded 100 homicides in 2019; 20 were in Calgary, while Edmonton recorded 27. Both cities have already surpassed their 2019 homicide total so far in 2020. Calgary has seen 29 this year, while Edmonton has had 28.
Elsewhere, StatCan reported a significant spike in rates of police-reported child pornography, a 46 per cent increase from 2018. The agency said this could likely be attributed to more cases having been forwarded to local police forces by RCMP offices compared to previous years.
Ethnicity played a significant factor in victimization from crimes in 2019, with visible minorities accounting for nearly one-third of total victims despite only making up about 22 per cent of Canada’s population.
The discrepancy is especially prevalent in deaths of a criminal nature among First Nations people. The homicide rate for Indigenous Canadians was six-and-a-half times higher than the general population of Canada in 2019.
Across Canada, police reported 2.2 million Criminal Code violations in 2019, equivalent to 5,874 crimes per 100,000 Canadians. It’s a five per cent rise from 2018.
Despite the elevated numbers, the country’s crime index remains nine per cent lower than a decade ago.